Agenda 2063: Africa We Want
The recognition by African leaders that Africa’s agenda needed to be refocused and reprioritized away from the battle against racial segregation and the realization of self-determination for the continent, which had been the emphasis of The Organization of African Unity, gave birth to Agenda 2063. (OAU). It is Africa’s roadmap and comprehensive plan for restructuring the continent into a future global powerhouse. It is the continent’s strategic framework for achieving its objective of inclusive and sustainable development, and it is a tangible embodiment of Pan-and Africanism’s the African Renaissance’s Pan-African desire for unity, self-determination, independence, progress, and commonwealth.
During the OAU’s Golden Jubilee celebrations in May 2013, African leaders of state and government adopted the 50th Anniversary Solemn Declaration to reaffirm their commitment to supporting Africa’s new path to sustainable livelihoods and development. The declaration signaled Africa’s recommitment to achieve the Pan African Vision of a comprehensive, prosperous, and peaceful Africa, inspired by its citizens and reflecting a wave of change in the international arena, and Agenda 2063 is a clear demonstration of how the continent plans to achieve this vision over the next 50 years. Dr. Nkosazana Dlaminin Zuma, the defunct Chairperson of the African Union Commission, outlined the future of Africa in a letter.
Agenda 2063 aims to fulfill the 7 ideals, each with its own set of targets, that, if met, will bring Africa closer to realizing its vision by the year 2063. These 7 wishes represent our goal for inclusive growth and well-being, for togetherness and cohesion, for a region of sovereign individuals and broadened horizons, where women and youth may achieve their best capacity, and where despair, sickness, and lack are eradicated.
Aspiration 1: We want A vibrant Africa based on shared prosperity and long-term development. We are committed to eradicating poverty in one generation and fostering shared prosperity across the continent via social and economic transformation. Some of the deliverables include a good standard of living, quality of life, and well-being for all citizens, well-educated citizens and knowledge and skill revolutions characterized by science, technology, and advancement, wholesome and well-nourished citizens, revitalized economies and jobs, technologically advanced agriculture for increased pro-activity and production, Aqua Economy for intensified economic growth, and ecologically sound climate and dependable economic systems and societies.
Aspiration 2: We want A politically united and integrated continent founded on Pan-Africanism and the vision of Africa’s Renaissance. The spirit of Pan Africanism has driven the struggle for African unity since 1963, with an emphasis on freedom, and political and economic independence. It is driven by development that is built on African people’s self-sufficiency and self-determination, as well as democratic and people-centered administration. They have three main goals: a united Africa (federal/confederate), world-class infrastructure crisscrossing Africa, and decolonization.
Aspiration 3: Characterizing Africa by the strong political establishment, democracy, human rights respect, justice, and the rule of law is our desire. An Africa is characterized by excellent government, democracy, human rights respect, justice, and the social order. Africa must cultivate a worldwide culture of good democratic accountability, democratic ideals, gender equality, human rights, justice, and the rule of law. Democratic ideals, practices, universal human rights principles, justice and rule of law anchored, capable institutions, and reformed administration in place at all levels are among the aspired aims.
Aspiration 4: We want A Peaceful, stable, and safe Africa. At all levels, instruments for peacebuilding shall be operational. As a first phase, dialogue-centered dispute management and settlement will be vigorously encouraged until all firearms are quiet by 2020. Through peace education, Africa’s children and adolescents will be instilled with an ethic of peaceful coexistence. We must work hard to maintain peace, security, and stability, as well as a secure and peaceful Africa and an APSA that is fully functioning and operating.
Aspiration 5: We want Africa with a deep cultural identity, shared heritage, common values, and ethical standards. Pan-Africanism, as well as the peoples of Africa and their diasporas’ shared history, destiny, identity, legacy, respect for religious diversity, and awareness, shall be firmly established. Instilling the essence of Pan Africanism, tapping Africa’s rich traditions and culture to guarantee that talent development are significant factors to Africa’s growth and transformation, and reviving and safeguarding Africa’s cultural heritage, as well as its languages, are all important aspects of the Africa cultural renaissance.
Aspiration 6: We want Africa that is people-centered in its development, depending on the possibilities of Africans, notably women and youngsters, and bringing up children. In all elements of decision-making, all African citizens shall be actively involved. Africa must be a continent where no child, woman, or man is left behind or excluded because of their sexuality, political persuasion, faith, ethnicity association, location, seniority, or other considerations. Africans strive for full gender issues in all aspects of life, as well as committed and equipped youth and children, by providing opportunities for actualization, healthcare access, education, and jobs for Africa’s youth, as well as ensuring the safety and security of Africa’s children and delivering early childhood education.
Aspiration 7: We want Africa as a strong, unified, resilient, and important global participant and partner. Africa will be a powerful, unified, resilient, peaceful, and influential global actor and partner with a vital role to play in global affairs. In the face of persistent external intervention, including attempts to split the continent and unwarranted pressures and sanctions on individual nations, we reiterate the need for African unity and solidarity. The agenda establishes Africa as a major player in foreign relations and promotes peaceful coexistence, thereby strengthening Africa’s role in the overall legislative framework (UN Security Council).
The Agenda 2063 First Ten Year Implementation Plan (FTYIP) (2013–2023) is the first in a sequence of five-ten-year plans over a fifty-year horizon. The FTYIP identifies Agenda 2063 Goals aligned to the 7 Aspirations to guarantee that Agenda 2063 is not only executed but also has quantifiable results. Each of these goals recognizes targets to be executed at a government level to ensure that Africa achieves its project goals collectively. Four important aspects impacted the FTYIP’s aims and priority areas: Agenda 2063’s Flagship Projects/Programs, Near-Term Governmental and Regional Economic Clusters (RECs) Development Preferences, Continental Paradigms, and the Agenda 2063 Results Structure.
Agenda 2063’s flagship projects are major initiatives and activities that have been found significant to speeding Africa’s economic growth and development, as well as promoting our shared identity through the celebration of our history and rich culture. Infrastructure, education, research, technology, the arts, and culture, as well as attempts to ensure peace on the continent, are all included.
High-Speed Train Network.
The concept intends to build an African High-Speed Train Network that will link all African capitals and commercial areas, easing the movement of products, essential services, and people. Increased rail connection also seeks to lower transportation costs and relieve existing and future system overcrowding.
Commodity Strategy for African Countries.
The creation of a regional products strategic approach is seen as critical to allowing African countries to add value, retrieve better returns from their commodities, merge into global production networks, and endorse upstream and downstream innovation based on valuation addition and local content management. The goal of the plan is to change Africa from a continent that just supplies crude ingredients to the wider world to one that actively exploits its endowments to secure Africans’ economic progress.
The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA)
It purposes to expand Africa’s trading competitive advantage by accelerating intra-African commerce. By expanding intra-Africa business and boosting Africa’s shared position and policymaking space in multilateral trade discussions, the AfCFTA aspires to considerably accelerate intra-Africa trade growth and use commerce more productively as a driver of success and sustainability.
The African Passport & Free Movement.
Eliminating barriers to Africans’ capacity to explore, operate, and reside inside their continent should be a priority. The project strives to change Africa’s laws, which stay typically restrictive on relocation despite political vows to lower boundaries, to encourage the Member States to issue visas to improve the freedom of travel of all African nationals across all African nations.
By 2020, Silencing The Guns.
Africa must endeavor to eliminate all conflicts, civil wars, gender-based violence, violent conflicts, and mass slaughter to realize Agenda 2063’s goals. In addition, the construction and execution of an African Human Security Index will be used to track improvements in the development (AHSI).
Project Implementation for The Grand Inga Dam.
The Inga Dam is projected to produce 43,200 MW of electricity, which will be used to meet the current regional power reservoirs and their cumulative service in transforming Africa from informal to formal energy sources and ensuring that all Africans have access to an adequate and cheaper power supply.
A Single African Airport Market (SAATM)
As a boost to the continent’s economic integration and growth strategy, the SAATM aspires to secure intra-regional connectivity between Africa’s key cities and create a special unified air transport market. SAATM allows qualifying airlines to fully liberalize intra-African flight services in line with market access and traffic privileges for regular and freight air services, resulting in improved air service connectivity and carrier efficiency. It eliminates ownership limitations and allows for complete deregulation of frequencies, rates, and capacity. It also includes requirements for African community carriers’ accreditation, legislative compliance standards, fair competition and dispute resolution systems, and protection laws.
Formation of an Annual African Economic Forum.
The annual African Economic Forum is an inter gathering that draws up African elected figures, business executives, academics, and civil society to discuss how to expedite Africa’s structural reforms by using the continent’s rich resources to benefit African people. The forum considers major possibilities as well as impediments to economic growth and offers actions to be done to achieve Agenda 2063’s ideas and ambitions.
The African Financial Institutions.
The formation of African Continental Financial Institutions intends to hasten the continent’s cooperation and socioeconomic growth by establishing bodies that will assume a key role in capital formation and capital market administration. The African Investment Bank and Pan African Stock Market, as well as the African Monetary Fund and the African Central Bank, are among the financial institutions envisioned to promote economic integration.
The Pan-African Electronic Network.
This seeks to lay policy initiatives and programs in place that will contribute greatly to paradigm-shifting e-applications and systems in Africa, particularly intra-African broadband terrestrial connectivity and information security, making the internet revolution the foundation for service delivery in the bio- and nanotechnology industries, and subsequently transforming Africa into an e-Society.
Outer Space Strategy for Africa.
Africa’s space-based plan intends to improve the continent’s use of space to help it develop. In all disciplines, including agribusiness, emergency preparedness, satellite communications, environment forecasting, corporate finance, and military and security, outer space is important to Africa’s growth. Exposure to space technology goods in Africa is no luxury, and there is a pressing necessity to accelerate advancement and products. Satellite technology has improved, making them more accessible to African countries, and developing a demand for space products in Africa would require proper policies and plans.
An African E-University & Virtual University.
This initiative intends to enhance access to post-secondary and further schooling by concurrently attracting scholars and professionals using ICT-based programs. Its goal is to create relevant and high-quality Open, Distance, and eLearning (ODeL) materials that will allow students to access the University from all over the globe, at any opportunity.
Security on The Internet.
The choice to accept Cyber Security as an iconic program of Agenda 2063 demonstrates that Africa must not only account for the transformations caused by innovative trends in its expansion plans, but also focus on ensuring they are used to advantage African individuals, establishments, and sovereign states by assuring security and safety available on the internet. The African Union Convention on Cyber Security and Personal Data Protection serves as the basis for the Cyber Security initiative.
The Great African Museum.
The African Charter for African Cultural Renaissance emphasizes the critical importance of culture in rallying and uniting people around shared ideas, as well as in promoting African culture to advance Pan-African objectives. The Great African Museum initiative intends to raise awareness of Africa’s huge, vibrant, and culturally diverse objects, as well as the impact Africa has had and continues to have on different civilizations in fields like art, music, literature, research, and so on. The Great African Museum will serve as a focal point for conserving and disseminating African culture.
The Encyclopedia Africana aspires to be a reliable repository of information on Africa’s true culture and traditions. The Encyclopedia offers Africans with a body of facts to inspire and unify them in their progress, with underpinnings in all aspects of African life, including historical, judicial, socioeconomic, religious, architectural, and educational systems, as well as African society’s ideologies. The Encyclopedia Africana offers an African perspective on Africa’s people, culture, literature, and history, and is an important instrument for educating, informing, and correcting misconceptions about African people’s history, culture, and accomplishments across the universe.
Agenda 2063 not only addresses Africa’s continental strategic objective but also recognizes that the concept must be implemented at regional and local levels for the continent to thrive. The National Development Plans of Member States, as well as the development direction of Regional Economic Communities, were examined at the outset of Agenda 2063, and the focus areas of their priority areas were included in the FTYIP to assure people that their preferences in the near term conform with the 50-year framework document’s priority areas.
To handle the growth of essential sectors like agricultural production, trade, transportation, energy, and mining, many regional models have been devised. These sectors are viewed as critical to the Union’s Member States achieving their development goals. These approaches have been included in the FTYIP’s key areas to guarantee harmony and interconnectivity. The Comprehensive African Agricultural Development Programme, the African Infrastructure Development Programme, the African Mining Vision, the Science Technology Innovation Strategy for Africa, Boosting Intra African Trade, and Accelerated Industrial Development for Africa are among the continental frameworks.
If the activities specified in the key development concept are begun and executed in the FTYIP, Africans will reap numerous substantial advantages, according to Agenda 2063. Improved living standards; reinvented, encompassing, and sustainable economies; greater levels of regional and multilateral integration; a citizenry of proficient women and youth; a society that cares for and protects children; social systems that are harmonious, show progressive ideals, and practice principles of good governance; and societies that uphold and significantly improve Africa’s cultural identity are all expected.
Africa is self-assured in its existence, ancestry, tradition, and common values, as well as in its ability to contribute to stability, human growth, social harmony, and wellbeing in the world arena as a powerful, unified, and important partner. In a nutshell, a new and improved Africa. We believe that Africa has the power to realize its full potential in terms of development, civilization, and diplomacy, as well as to build vibrant, inclusive, and affluent communities.
We agree with the Pan-African demand for Africa’s Renaissance to be realized via unity. The fate of the Continent is in the hands of current generations, who believe that they must intervene now to construct the future they desire. Historical strategies and promises have been examined as part of the larger and noble endeavor, and we resolve to learn from them while we execute Agenda 2063.
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